I think it's interesting how much Islam and Judaism have in common, at least in terms of how the religions are structured. Makes sense, right since they (and Christianity) are all derived from a common ancestor (theologically speaking, of course). I think what Islam does not have in common with Judaism, it shares with Christianity, namely the concept of proselytizing, which Judaism for the most part just doesn't have.
I think what's interesting is that they both do this in order to account for any variety of new situations, so they are both constantly changing and evolving, and are deeply adaptive to human realities, even if it doesn't seem like it to non-religious folks. You can see this in history, how Islam was employed both as a power structure and as resistance to power (the Ottomans vs. say the Mahdist insurrection in the Sudan in the 19th century). But you can see it in this sort of minutia too. One example I like that illustrates this is from the Levant during the Ottoman period, in cities like Jerusalem or what have you, where people would go to Imams to have their issues worked out according to Sharia (so any issue, but especially what we'd think of today as family law--divorce, issues of property inheritance, child custody, etc). However, given that Sunni Islam (which was the official religion of the empire) has at least 4 schools of jurisprudence, if someone didn't get a fatwa they could live with from one Imam practicing one school, they would often go down the street to another Imam practicing another school, who would tell them something more amendable to them. From everything I've studied about it, Islam seems a very flexible and adaptive religion in general, in part because it depends on concepts like ijtihad (which translates to "diligence" I think, but refers to the reasoning process involved in deciding religious rulings). In this case, obviously, both religions need to deal with the realities of space travel in a productive manner, especially if we start to get more national space programs in the future, especially from the global south.
Sorry, I just geeked out on you there... Always an interesting topic, I think.