The man who created Ctrl+Alt+Del

Not even at the time. Not even years before it’s time. Not even when you restrict to home computers, at least not notably.

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If you’ve done any networking, that’s Layer 8 in the OSI model.

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Stopped watching when the narrator said of the IBM PC: “It was the most advanced computing machine ever created.”

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I was about to say that the Apple II also had a three fingered salute, but apparently the Apple II+ (1979) got by with just Ctrl-Reset, and the Apple II (1977) had a reset key. It was the Apple IIe that used the Ctrl-Open Apple-Reset Combination to trigger a warm start,

Moreover, the Apple II’s use of the reset key was tied to the “Monitor…”



  1. Power up system - turn the AC power switch in the back of the Apple II on. You should see a random matrix of question marks and other text characters. If you don’t, consult the operator’s manual for system checkout pro­cedures.
  2. Hit the RESET key. On the left hand side of the screen you should see an asterisk and a flashing cursor next to it below the text matrix.
  3. Insert the HI-RES demo tape into the cassette and rewind
    it. Check Volume (50-70%) and Tone (80-100%) settings.
  4. Type in “C00.FFFR” on the Apple II keyboard. This is the address range of the high resolution machine language sub­ program. It extends from $C00 to $FFF. The Rtells the computer to read in the data. Do not depress the “RETURN” key yet.
  5. Start the tape recorder in playback mode and depress the “RETURN” key. The flashing cursor disappears.
  6. A beep will sound after the program has been read in.
    STOP the tape recorder. Do not rewind the program tape yet.
  7. Hold down the “CTRL” key, depress and release the B key, then depress the “RETURN” key and release the “CTRL” key. You should see a right facing arrow and a flashing cursor.
    The Bc command places the Apple into BASIC in itia liz in g the memory pointers.
  8. Type in “LOAD”, restart the tape recorder in playback mode and hit the “RETURN” key. The flashing cursor disappears. This begins the loading o f the BASIC subprogram o f the HI-RES demo tape.
  9. A beep will sound to indicate the program is being loaded.

Apple II reference manual
from here:

see also:

On the Apple //e (1983), Ctrl open apple reset initiated a warm start, and "ctrl-closed apple-reset (which I never used) appareently mimicked the old apple ][+ behavior.

Judging by the Apple /// owners guide, the Apple III (1980) used the same reset procedure as the Apple ][+, despite the fact that the Apple /// (1980) was the first computer to use the (Open Apple/Closed Apple) keys. On the apple //e, these keys actually mimicked the joystick buttons…



Pic grabbed from teh internets.
My reset button had a length of cable between the plug and the button for convenience.

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Ctrl+Shift+Esc is better. Everyone knows that.

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Jobs and Woz did it just for you.

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