I’m staying out of the Skinner Box discussion for now, but a quick PSA so y’all don’t drive the resident psychologists crazy.
Reinforcement: anything that increases the occurrence of a behaviour.
Punishment: anything that reduces the occurrence of a behaviour.
Positive reinforcement: encouraging behaviour by providing something nice.
Negative reinforcement: encouraging behaviour by removing something nasty.
Positive punishment: discouraging behaviour by adding something nasty.
Negative punishment: discouraging behaviour by removing something nice.
Skinner Box: more formally known as an operant conditioning apparatus. May involve any of the above behavioural modifiers, but does not require all. Most of the time, it’s a simple response/reward schedule.