I was thinking the last time I watched the cold war era James Bond films how interesting it was that while the USSR was often involved, and sometimes seemed at first to be the bad guys, they never actually were the bad guys. It was always some fictional independent organization. In fact, even the later Die Another Day involves North Korea, but even then they're not the bad guys, it's the general's son going rogue or something.
I always assumed this was mainly to avoid provoking an international incident. If so, I guess they were right to think so.
I can't think of any examples of other American movies, other than historical films, where the actual leader of a country or group was the bad guy. Even when the leader is unanimously considered a bad guy in real life. Curious if other mutants can chime in with examples.