That’s very interesting! I wonder what circumstances are required for that to work. Even shooting from a car doesn’t work well- it’s near impossible to hit anything, which is part of why cops never do it. From a boat?! Impressive that they can do that.
I got a private tour of the Coast Guard facility at Key West once (long story) and got a ride on one of their newest pursuit boats (longer story). Human traffickers were their target and those guys have very fast boats. The pursuit boat I rode on was… faster. I’ve never seen horsepower like this on anything apart from a locomotive. You had to be strapped in with a five point harness and this thing would do 70 knots without breaking a sweat. Even crazier, it was all directional thrusters, and could stop from 70 knots in twice it’s own length. It must have been 3Gs. It was incredible.
That was a long way of saying that, to your original question, their approach to stopping boats was “be faster”. They can’t run forever and you can harass them until they give up, basically. The Coast Guard always has more fuel.